Hawaii Introduces Bill To Charge Hikers for Rescue Costs


Key Takeaways

  • Hawaii considers a law to make hikers financially responsible for rescue costs if they stray from permitted trails or ignore warning signs.
  • Introduced by Senator Lynn Decoite, the bill aims to enforce accountability for hikers straying into prohibited areas.
  • Lawmakers like Senator Mike Gabbard support the bill for promoting responsible hiking, while critics express concerns about discouraging emergency reporting and penalizing innocent mistakes.
  • If passed, the law won’t take effect until 2050, echoing previous unsuccessful attempts at reimbursement legislation.

Honolulu, HI–Hawaiian authorities are considering passing a law requiring hikers to cover rescue costs if they get lost or injured outside permitted trails and hiking areas.

Introducing Senate Bill 786

In January this year, Hawaii State Senator Lynn Decoite introduced senate bill 786, which, if passed into law, will obligate lost or injured nature lovers to pay for their rescue if they do so while “ignoring warning signs, leaving a hiking trail to enter a prohibited area, or hiking on a trail closed to the public.”

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Support and Criticism for the Proposed Law

Presently, stranded or injured hikers in Hawaii are rescued free of charge, regardless of whether they violated regulations or ignored warning signs.

The bill is currently under review in the state legislature and has gained support from many lawmakers who believe it will encourage responsible hiking.

“This measure intends to prevent people from unnecessarily putting themselves and others at risk while encouraging folks to take personal responsibility for their actions,” said State Senator Mike Gabbard, one of the bill’s sponsors, in a report adding that an air rescue costs the government $1500, covered by Hawaiian taxpayers.

A significant number of rescues occur annually, as the statistics indicate. Per another report, the Honolulu Fire Department performed 310 high-angle rescues in 2021 alone.

Given the operating expenses of a helicopter exceeding $2,500 per hour along with the personnel required, the expense of rescue operations is considerably high, whether the state or individuals bear it.

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On the other hand, critics of the proposed bill argue that it will have negative consequences; for example, the Honolulu Police Department made a statement suggesting that passing such a law would discourage the prompt reporting of emergencies leading to possible danger to life.

Ex-senator Laura Thielen previously stated that the bill could unfairly penalize hikers who make innocent mistakes, such as taking a wrong turn on a trail.

Haiku Stairs, Oahu, Hawaii. Infamous for rescue missions. Photo by Kalen Emsley on Unsplash

Debate Over Hiking Rescue Costs

There have been serious efforts in the region over the last few decades to pass bills seeking reimbursement from rescued hikers but to no avail. Even this bill, if passed, would come into effect only in the year 2050.

The debate over the bill highlights the ongoing tension between the desire to encourage outdoor recreation and the need to ensure public safety.

As more people take to hiking trails and other outdoor areas, lawmakers and officials grapple with balancing these competing priorities.

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What We Think

The proposed law reflects a complex balance between personal accountability and public safety. While holding hikers responsible for their actions encourages caution, the potential deterrent effect on emergency reporting raises concerns.

Striking a balance to ensure safety without dissuading prompt reporting remains pivotal. Moreover, the long timeline for implementation signals a need for continued dialogue and potential revisions to address these concerns effectively.

Ultimately, fostering responsible hiking practices while prioritizing emergency response is crucial for safeguarding both individuals and natural landscapes.


Victor Utomi
Victor Utomi
Victor is passionate about aviation, travel, nature, and crypto. He constantly explores new ideas and pushes the boundaries of what's possible. Whether he is reporting on the latest developments in the aviation industry, writing about adventures in exotic locales, advocating for environmental sustainability, or delving into the world of digital currencies, he is constantly seeking new challenges and opportunities for growth and inspiring others to do the same.


  1. 100%, I totally get this Victor.

    During the travel stoppage over the past few years we began house sitting and traveling up and down the East Coast of the USA. Most sits were in rural or even semi-remote areas with ample hiking trails spanning woods, mountains and open areas way off of the beaten path.

    Homeowners told us many times how hikers did fairly reckless things, got lost then required saving from workers who risked their lives based on some fairly foolish decisions made by said hikers.

    We are human – allegedly – and prone to err. But some of the errors are made by hikers who do not bother to think and stay within trails.

    One individual chose to wear a t-shirt and shorts on an off-path hike to a mountain summit with 30 degree F temps. He got hypothermia, got lost and staff risked much to rescue him, in addition to consuming financial resources.



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