The Impact of Digital Nomads on Portugal’s Economy and Housing Market


Key Takeaways

  • Portugal’s attractiveness to digital nomads has led to socio-economic challenges, including rising prices and a housing crisis.
  • Lisbon hosts around 16,000 digital nomads, drawn by the country’s lifestyle, landscapes, and previously low living costs.
  • The influx of high-earning nomads meeting visa requirements has driven inflation, doubling property prices since 2015 and exacerbating the housing crisis.
  • Flight requirements for nomads contribute to significant carbon emissions, adding to environmental concerns.

Rising Digital Nomad Presence in Portugal

As Portugal continues to attract many digital nomads, the country grapples with the socio-economic implications. According to a sociology researcher at the University Institute of Lisbon, Guya Accornero, the influx of remote workers has increased discontent among locals due to rising prices and a housing crisis.

The Portuguese capital, Lisbon, is home to about 16,000 digital nomads. The number of such professionals may increase further despite introducing a new visa scheme for remote workers. The appeal of Portugal lies in its vibrant lifestyle, stunning landscapes, and historically low cost of living.

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Impact on Prices and Housing Crisis

However, the high salaries earned by digital nomads, who must earn at least €2,800 per month to qualify for the special visa, have resulted in higher prices, contributing to inflation. Property values and rent have been particularly affected, with house prices doubling since 2015, according to the International Monetary Fund. This has further exacerbated the housing crisis, with prices significantly outstripping incomes.

Catarina Viegas of Climáximo, an anti-capitalist collective, points out that the situation is worsened by the flights required for digital nomads, contributing to significant carbon emissions.

Diverse Effects and Government Response

While tourism has been a significant revenue source for Portugal, one of Europe’s poorest countries, it has also led to gentrification, making housing unaffordable for many locals. Yet, there are also benefits, such as the renewal of decaying parts of Portuguese cities and the emergence of new urban identities.

In response to these issues, the Portuguese government recently announced a series of measures to address the housing crisis, including the termination of the controversial Golden Visa scheme and a ban on new licenses for Airbnbs. These actions signal a recognition of the need to carefully consider policy decisions, particularly concerning city planning and economic liberalization.
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What We Think

Portugal’s appeal to digital nomads has brought both opportunities and challenges. While it fosters cultural renewal and economic growth, the housing crisis and rising costs highlight the need for balanced policies.

The government’s recent measures addressing housing issues and reevaluating certain visa schemes demonstrate a proactive stance toward mitigating socio-economic disparities.

It’s crucial for authorities to navigate these impacts carefully, ensuring sustainability and equitable growth while preserving the country’s allure for both locals and nomadic communities.


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